EDSITEment, http://edsitement.neh.gov/, remains committed to share and bring teachers and students everywhere a wide variety of great resources. We are honored to bring to our supporters, followers, teachers, tutors, students, and life-long learners our bilingual resources on history and literature. This month, EDSITEment wants to share these valuable resources in literature, culture and history.
During the beginning of the 20th century, Mexico and Mexicans saw dramatic changes. The Mexican Revolution, the first modern revolution of the twentieth century, started on November 20th, 1910, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua, with revolutionary troops led by Pancho Villa moving in the north of Mexico. In the south, troops led by Emiliano Zapata following the motto of the Zapatista Movement “Tierra y Libertad” (Land and Freedom) started to advance and fight for land.
The impacts of the Mexican Revolution were dramatic. During the armed struggle, both men and women were at the avant-garde of the movement. Those who did not want to fight, left the country by immigrating legally to the United States. The Mexican Revolution also enriched the culture of Mexico, including music, muralist painting, literature.
EDSITEment has a bilingual feature on the Mexican Revolution that teaches the historical background of the Mexican Revolution, as well as the cultural contributions resulting from this time period, via http://edsitement.neh.gov/feature/mexican-revolution-november-20th-1910. For example, the muralist movement started as a result from the Mexican Revolution. It was a way to educate the people who could not read or write on their own history and heritage. Thus, masters like Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros came into the spotlight (http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/educators/lessons/grade-9-12/Five_Artists_of_the_Mexican_Revolution.aspx ). At the time of the armed struggle, there was no media or newspapers to effectively spread the news throughout the nation, plus the majority of Mexicans were illiterate. The stories and events put into music and song, known as corridos, was the way to record history during this time. Corridos documented battles, important leaders, great women warriors, key places. Students can study, listen and even sing along corridos via our resource: http://edsitement.neh.gov/feature/mexican-revolution-november-20th-1910#04
When a large number of immigrants came into the United States from Mexico during and after the Mexican Revolution, it was during most challenging economic times. In the 30s, immigrants were coming to the country during the Great Depression. Most of them worked in the fields across the nation. One touching story is the novel by Pam Muñoz Ryan, Esperanza Rising via http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/esperanza-rising-learning-not-be-afraid-start-over. In this EDSITEment-created lesson plan about the coming of age of a young Mexican girl who works in the fields in the United States, available in Spanish as well, who learns to not fear to start over again.
The lesson plan, http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/esperanza-rising-learning-not-be-afraid-start-over#sect-resources, includes an interactive launchpad (http://edsitement.neh.gov/student-resource/launchpad-esperanza-rising) for students to learn about the experiences of the protagonist.